California Bail: Forfeiture of Summary Judgment

The following California Bail Licensing regulations and laws are taken from Title 10, Article 2 of the California Code of Regulations and Penal Code (as related to bail). Tonya Page Bail Bonds is not responsible for omissions or errors, for further clarification, please visit my online privacy policy statement.

TOPIC

CODE   

SECTION

180-day period; motion to extend

Penal

1305.4

Assessment; notice; payment procedure

Penal

1305.2

Bail forfeiture; judgment lien on

Penal

1280.1

Bail not accepted if summary judgment unpaid

Penal

1308

Bail; justification

Penal

1280.1

Bail; reinstatement of; in lieu of exoneration

Penal

1305

Bench warrant; failure to appear; issuance

Penal

979

Bench warrant; issuance

Penal

1195

Collection on summary judgment

Penal

1305.3

Costs recovery

Penal

1305.3

County treasurer; funds; deposited; fines; forfeitures

Penal

1463.04

Declaration of forfeiture

Penal

1305

Deposit; forfeited; payment to county treasurer

Penal

1307

Depositor; notice to; declaration of forfeiture

Penal

1305

Enforcement of judgment on forfeiture

Penal

1306

Excess collateral; return

Title 10

2089

Extension of 180-day period; motion

Penal

1305.4

Forfeited deposit; payment to county treasurer

Penal

1307

Forfeiture

Penal

1195

Forfeiture of bail

Vehicle

40512

Forfeiture of bail; optional

Vehicle

40512.5

Forfeiture; before; deposit after bail

Penal

1296

Forfeiture; declaration of

Penal

1305

Forfeiture; enforcement of judgment

Penal

1306

Forfeiture; return of excess collateral

Title 10

2089

Forfeiture; vacate; motion

Penal

1305.3

Forfeiture; vacating

Penal

1305

Forfeitures; misrepresentations

Title 10

2091

Judgment; enforcement; forfeiture

Penal

1306

Lien; judgment on bail forfeiture and summary judgment

Penal

1280.1

Motion to extend 180-day period

Penal

1305.4

Motion to vacate forfeiture

Penal

1305.3

Notice of assessment as condition of discharge

Penal

1305.2

Payment to county treasurer of forfeited deposit

Penal

1307

Summary judgment; collection

Penal

1305.3

Summary judgment; judgment lien on bail forfeiture

Penal

1280.1

Summary judgment; notice of entry

Penal

1308

Unpaid summary judgment; surety bail not accepted

Penal

1308

Vacate forfeiture

Penal

1305

Vacate forfeiture; motion

Penal

1305.3

180-day period; motion to extend 

Penal                      1305.4

1305.4. Notwithstanding Section 1305, the surety insurer, the bail agent, the surety, or the depositor may file a motion, based upon good cause, for an order extending the 180-day period provided in that section. The motion shall include a declaration or affidavit that states the reasons showing good cause to extend that period. The court, upon a hearing and a showing of good cause, may order the period extended to a time not exceeding 180 days from its order. A motion may be filed and calendared as provided in subdivision (i) of Section 1305.

Assessment; notice; payment procedure

Penal                      1305.2
See also Court Responsibilities

1305.2. If an assessment is made a condition of the order to set aside the forfeiture of an undertaking, deposit, or bail under Section 1305, the clerk of the court shall within 30 days mail notice thereof to the surety or depositor at the address of its principal office, mail a copy to the bail agent whose name appears on the bond, and shall execute a certificate of mailing and place it in the court' s file in the case. The time limit for payment shall in no event be less than 30 days after the date of mailing of the notice. If the assessment has not been paid by the date specified, the court shall determine if a certificate of mailing has been executed, and if none has, the court shall cause a notice to be mailed to the surety, depositor, or bail agent whose name appears on the bond, and the surety, depositor, or bail agent whose name appears on the bond shall be allowed an additional 30 days to pay the assessment.

Bail forfeiture; judgment lien on 

Penal                      1280.1
See also Court Responsibilities

1280.1. (a) From the time of recording an affidavit for the justification of bail, the affidavit shall constitute an attachment lien governed by Sections 488.500, 488.510 and 489.310 of the Code of Civil Procedure in the amount of the bail undertaking, until exonerated, released, or otherwise discharged. Any release of the undertaking shall be affected by an order of the court, filed with the clerk of the court, with a certified copy of the order recorded in the office of the county recorder. (b) If the bail is forfeited and summary judgment is entered, pursuant to Sections 1305 and 1306, the lien shall have the force and effect of a judgment lien, by recordation of an abstract of judgment, which, may be enforced and satisfied pursuant to Section 1306 as well as through the applicable execution process set forth in Title 9 (commencing with Section 680.010) of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

Bail not accepted if summary judgment unpaid      

Penal                      1308

1308. (a) No court or magistrate shall accept any person or corporation as surety on bail if any summary judgment against that person or corporation entered pursuant to Section 1306 remains unpaid after the expiration of 30 days after service of the notice of the entry of the summary judgment, provided that, if during the 30 days an action or proceeding available at law is initiated to determine the validity of the order of forfeiture or summary judgment rendered on it, this section shall be rendered inoperative until that action or proceeding has finally been determined, provided that, if an appeal is taken, an appeal bond is posted in compliance with Section 917.1 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (b) The clerk of the court in which the judgment is rendered shall serve notice of the entry of judgment upon the judgment debtor within five days after the date of the entry of the summary judgment.

Bail; reinstatement of; in lieu of exoneration

Penal                      1305
See also Bail Collateral

1305. (a) A court shall in open court declare forfeited the undertaking of bail or the money or property deposited as bail if, without sufficient excuse, a defendant fails to appear for any of the following: (1) Arraignment. (2) Trial. (3) Judgment. (4) Any other occasion prior to the pronouncement of judgment if the defendant's presence in court is lawfully required. (5) To surrender himself or herself in execution of the judgment after appeal. However, the court shall not have jurisdiction to declare a forfeiture and the bail shall be released of all obligations under the bond if the case is dismissed or if no complaint is filed within 15 days from the date of arraignment. (b) If the amount of the bond or money or property deposited exceeds four hundred dollars ($400), the clerk of the court shall, within 30 days of the forfeiture, mail notice of the forfeiture to the surety or the depositor of money posted instead of bail. At the same time, the court shall mail a copy of the forfeiture notice to the bail agent whose name appears on the bond. The clerk shall also execute a certificate of mailing of the forfeiture notice and shall place the certificate in the court's file. If the notice of forfeiture is required to be mailed pursuant to this section, the 180-day period provided for in this section shall be extended by a period of five days to allow for the mailing. If the surety is an authorized corporate surety, and if the bond plainly displays the mailing address of the corporate surety and the bail agent, then notice of the forfeiture shall be mailed to the surety at that address and to the bail agent, and mailing alone to the surety or the bail agent shall not constitute compliance with this section. The surety or depositor shall be released of all obligations under the bond if any of the following conditions apply: (1) The clerk fails to mail the notice of forfeiture in accordance with this section within 30 days after the entry of the forfeiture. 2) The clerk fails to mail the notice of forfeiture to the surety at the address printed on the bond. (3) The clerk fails to mail a copy of the notice of forfeiture to the bail agent at the address shown on the bond. (c) (1) If the defendant appears either voluntarily or in custody after surrender or arrest in court within 180 days of the date of forfeiture or within 180 days of the date of mailing of the notice if the notice is required under subdivision (b), the court shall, on its own motion at the time the defendant first appears in court on the case in which the forfeiture was entered, direct the order of forfeiture to be vacated and the bond exonerated. If the court fails to so act on its own motion, then the surety's or depositor's obligations under the bond shall be immediately vacated and the bond exonerated. An order vacating the forfeiture and exonerating the bond may be made on terms that are just and do not exceed the terms imposed in similar situations with respect to other forms of pretrial release. (2) If, within the county where the case is located, the defendant is surrendered to custody by the bail or is arrested in the underlying case within the 180-day period, and is subsequently released from custody prior to an appearance in court, the court shall, on its own motion, direct the order of forfeiture to be vacated and the bond exonerated. If the court fails to so act on its own motion, then the surety's or depositor's obligations under the bond shall be immediately vacated and the bond exonerated. An order vacating the forfeiture and exonerating the bond may be made on terms that are just and do not exceed the terms imposed in similar situations with respect to other forms of pretrial release. (3) If, outside the county where the case is located, the defendant is surrendered to custody by the bail or is arrested in the underlying case within the 180-day period, the court shall vacate the forfeiture and exonerate the bail. (4) In lieu of exonerating the bond, the court may order the bail reinstated and the defendant released on the same bond if both of the following conditions are met: (A) The bail is given prior notice of the reinstatement. (B) The bail has not surrendered the defendant. (d) In the case of a permanent disability, the court shall direct the order of forfeiture to be vacated and the bail or money or property deposited as bail exonerated if, within 180 days of the date of forfeiture or within 180 days of the date of mailing of the notice if notice is required under subdivision (b), it is made apparent to the satisfaction of the court that both of the following conditions are met: (1) The defendant is deceased or otherwise permanently unable to appear in the court due to illness, insanity, or detention by military or civil authorities. (2) The absence of the defendant is without the connivance of the bail. (e) In the case of a temporary disability, the court shall order the tolling of the 180-day period provided in this section during the period of temporary disability, provided that it appears to the satisfaction of the court that the following conditions are met: (1) The defendant is temporarily disabled by reason of illness, insanity, or detention by military or civil authorities. (2) Based upon the temporary disability, the defendant is unable to appear in court during the remainder of the 180-day period. (3) The absence of the defendant is without the connivance of the bail. The period of the tolling shall be extended for a reasonable period of time, at the discretion of the court, after the cessation of the disability to allow for the return of the defendant to the jurisdiction of the court. (f) In all cases where a defendant is in custody beyond the jurisdiction of the court that ordered the bail forfeited, and the prosecuting agency elects not to seek extradition after being informed of the location of the defendant, the court shall vacate the forfeiture and exonerate the bond on terms that are just and do not exceed the terms imposed in similar situations with respect to other forms of pretrial release. (g) In all cases of forfeiture where a defendant is not in custody and is beyond the jurisdiction of the state, is temporarily detained, by the bail agent, in the presence of a local law enforcement officer of the jurisdiction in which the defendant is located, and is positively identified by that law enforcement officer as the wanted defendant in an affidavit signed under penalty of perjury, and the prosecuting agency elects not to seek extradition after being informed of the location of the defendant, the court shall vacate the forfeiture and exonerate the bond on terms that are just and do not exceed the terms imposed in similar situations with respect to other forms of pretrial release. (h) As used in this section, "arrest" includes a hold placed on the defendant in the underlying case while he or she is in custody on other charges. (i) A motion filed in a timely manner within the 180-day period may be heard within 30 days of the expiration of the 180-day period. The court may extend the 30-day period upon a showing of good cause. The motion may be made by the surety insurer, the bail agent, the surety, or the depositor of money or property, any of whom may appear in person or through an attorney. The court, in its discretion, may require that the moving party provide 10 days prior notice to the applicable prosecuting agency, as a condition precedent to granting the motion.

Bench warrant; failure to appear; issuance 

Penal                      979

979. If the defendant has been discharged on bail or has deposited money or other property instead thereof, and does not appear to be arraigned when his personal presence is necessary, the court, in addition to the forfeiture of the undertaking of bail or of the money or other property deposited, may order the issuance of a bench warrant for his arrest.

Bench warrant; issuance  

Penal                      1195
See also Failure to Appear & Fugitives

1195. If the defendant has been released on bail, or has deposited money or property instead thereof, and does not appear for judgment when his personal appearance is necessary, the court, in addition to the forfeiture of the undertaking of bail, or of the money or property deposited, must, on application of the prosecuting attorney, direct the issuance of a bench warrant for the arrest of the defendant. If the defendant, who is on bail, does appear for judgment and judgment is pronounced upon him or probation is granted to him, then the bail shall be exonerated or, if money or property has been deposited instead of bail, it must be returned to the defendant or to the person or persons found by the court to have deposited said money or property on behalf of said defendant.

Collection on summary judgment

Penal                      1305.3

1305.3. The district attorney, county counsel, or applicable prosecuting agency, as the case may be, shall recover, out of the forfeited bail money, the costs incurred in successfully opposing a motion to vacate the forfeiture and in collecting on the summary judgment prior to the division of the forfeited bail money between the cities and counties in accordance with Section 1463.

County treasurer; funds; deposited; fines; forfeitures

Penal                      1463.04

1463.04. Notwithstanding Section 1463, out of the moneys deposited with the county treasurer pursuant to Section 1463, there shall be transferred once a month into the State Treasury to the credit of the Winter Recreation Fund an amount equal to 50 percent of all fines and forfeitures collected during the preceding month upon conviction or upon the forfeiture of bail from any person of any violation of Section 5091.15 of the Public Resources Code, and an amount equal to the remaining 50 percent shall be transferred to the county general fund and deposited in a special account which shall be used exclusively to pay for the cost of furthering the purposes of the California SNO-PARK Permit Program, including, but not limited to, the snow removal, maintenance, and development of designated parking areas.

Deposit; forfeited; payment to county treasurer  

Penal                      1307

1307. If, by reason of the neglect of the defendant to appear, money deposited instead of bail is forfeited, and the forfeiture is not discharged or remitted, the clerk with whom it is deposited must, at the end of 180 days, unless the court has before that time discharged the forfeiture, pay over the money deposited to the county treasurer.

Enforcement of judgment on forfeiture  

Penal                      1306

1306. (a) When any bond is forfeited and the period of time specified in Section 1305 has elapsed without the forfeiture having been set aside, the court which has declared the forfeiture, regardless of the amount of the bail, shall enter a summary judgment against each bondsman named in the bond in the amount for which the bondsman is bound. The judgment shall be the amount of the bond plus costs, and notwithstanding any other law, no penalty assessments shall be levied or added to the judgment. (b) If a court grants relief from bail forfeiture, it shall impose a monetary payment as a condition of relief to compensate the people for the costs of returning a defendant to custody pursuant to Section 1305, except for cases where the court determines that in the best interest of justice no costs should be imposed. The amount imposed shall reflect the actual costs of returning the defendant to custody. Failure to act within the required time to make the payment imposed pursuant to this subdivision shall not be the basis for a summary judgment against any or all of the underlying amount of the bail. A summary judgment entered for failure to make the payment imposed under this subdivision is subject to the provisions of Section 1308, and shall apply only to the amount of the costs owing at the time the summary judgment is entered, plus administrative costs and interests. (c) If, because of the failure of any court to promptly perform the duties enjoined upon it pursuant to this section, summary judgment is not entered within 90 days after the date upon which it may first be entered, the right to do so expires and the bail is exonerated. (d) A dismissal of the complaint, indictment, or information after the default of the defendant shall not release or affect the obligation of the bail bond or undertaking. (e) The district attorney or county counsel shall: (1) Demand immediate payment of the judgment within 30 days after the summary judgment becomes final. (2) If the judgment remains unpaid for a period of 20 days after demand has been made, shall forthwith enforce the judgment in the manner provided for enforcement of money judgments generally. If the judgment is appealed by the surety or bondsman, the undertaking required to be given in these cases shall be provided by a surety other than the one filing the appeal. The undertaking shall comply with the enforcement requirements of Section 917.1 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (f) The right to enforce a summary judgment entered against a bondsman pursuant to this section shall expire two years after the entry of the judgment.

Excess collateral; return 

Title 10                  2089
See also Bail Collateral

2089. Return of Excess Collateral on Forfeiture
If collateral received is in excess of the bail forfeited, such excess shall be returned to
the depositor immediately upon the application of the collateral to the forfeiture;
subject, however, to any claim for unpaid premium or charges as provided in Section
2081.

Forfeiture of bail 

Vehicle                   40512

40512. (a) (1) Except as specified in paragraph (2) and subdivision (b), if at the time the case is called for arraignment before the magistrate the defendant does not appear, either in person or by counsel, the magistrate may declare the bail forfeited and may, in his or her discretion, order that no further proceedings be had in the case, unless the defendant has been charged with a violation of Section 23111 or 23112, or subdivision (a) of Section 23113, and he or she has been previously convicted of the same offense, except if the magistrate finds that undue hardship will be imposed upon the defendant by requiring him or her to appear, the magistrate may declare the bail forfeited and order that no further proceedings shall be had in the case. (2) If the defendant has posted surety bail and the magistrate has ordered the bail forfeited and that no further proceedings shall be had in the case, the bail retains the right to obtain relief from the forfeiture as provided in Section 1305 of the Penal Code if the amount of the bond, money, or property deposited exceeds seven hundred dollars ($700). (b) (1) If, at the time the case is called for a compliance appearance before the magistrate, the defendant has entered into a bail installment agreement pursuant to Section 40510.5 but has not made an installment payment as agreed and does not appear, either in person or by counsel, the court may continue the arraignment to a date beyond the last agreed upon installment payment, issue a warrant of arrest, or impose a civil assessment as provided in Section 1214.1 of the Penal Code for the failure to appear. (2) If, at the time the case is called for a compliance appearance before the magistrate, the defendant has paid all required bail funds and the defendant does not appear, either in person or by counsel, the court may order that no further proceedings shall be had in the case, unless the defendant has been charged with a violation of Section 23111 or 23112, or subdivision (a) of Section 23113, and he or she has been previously convicted of the same offense, except that if the magistrate finds that undue hardship will be imposed upon the defendant by requiring him or her to appear, the magistrate may order that no further proceedings shall be had in the case. (c) Upon the making of the order that no further proceedings shall be had, all sums deposited as bail shall be paid into the city or county treasury, as the case may be. (d) If a guaranteed traffic arrest bail bond certificate has been filed, the clerk of the court shall bill the issuer for the amount of bail fixed by the uniform countywide schedule of bail required under subdivision (c) of Section 1269b of the Penal Code. (e) Upon presentation by a court of the bill for a fine or bail assessed against an individual covered by a guaranteed traffic arrest bail bond certificate, the issuer shall pay to the court the amount of the fine or forfeited bail that is within the maximum amount guaranteed by the terms of the certificate. (f) The court shall return the guaranteed traffic arrest bail bond certificate to the issuer upon receipt of payment in accordance with subdivision (d).

Forfeiture of bail; optional 

Vehicle                   40512.5

40512.5. (a) Except as specified in subdivision (b), if at the time the case is called for trial the defendant does not appear, either in person or by counsel, and has not requested in writing that the trial proceed in his or her absence, the court may declare the bail forfeited and may, in its discretion, order that no further proceedings be had in the case, or the court may act pursuant to Section 1043 of the Penal Code. However, if the defendant has been charged with a violation of Section 23111 or 23112, or subdivision (a) of Section 23113, and he or she has been previously convicted of a violation of the same section, the court may declare the bail forfeited, but shall issue a bench warrant for the arrest of the person charged, except if the magistrate finds that undue hardship will be imposed upon the defendant by requiring him or her to appear, the magistrate may declare the bail forfeited and order that no further proceedings shall be had in the case. (b) If the defendant has posted surety bail and the magistrate has ordered the bail forfeited and that no further proceedings shall be had in the case, the bail retains the right to obtain relief from the forfeiture as provided in Section 1305 of the Penal Code if the amount of the bond, money, or property deposited exceeds seven hundred dollars ($700).

Forfeiture; before; deposit after bail  

Penal                      1296

1296. If the defendant has given bail, he may, at any time before the forfeiture of the undertaking, in like manner deposit the sum mentioned in the recognizance, and upon the deposit being made the bail is exonerated.

Forfeitures; misrepresentations

Title 10                  2091

2091. Forfeitures; Misrepresentations
No bail licensee shall make any misleading or untrue representation to a court or to a
public official for the purpose of avoiding or preventing a forfeiture of bail or of having
set aside a forfeiture which has occurred, or for the release of an arrestee on his own
recognizance after bail has once been placed by the licensee. A copy of all written
representations made by or on behalf of a bail licensee for such purpose shall be kept
as provided in Section 2098, unless such representations are filed by an official as a
public record.


More California Bail Bonds Resources

 


Updated: 03/03/2010

 
Tonya Page, Bail Bondsman


Bondsman-Owner


1-877-861-3761
Free Bail Bond Information, Anytime
License #1843798




"You helped me get bailed out of jail on Friday night. I just wanted to say thank you. It was an awful experience for me, and if nothing else, your kind voice on the other end of the phone in that cell was a tremendous comfort."

- Chrystal in Santa Clarita

Client Testimonials



Accepted Payment Methods

Tonya Page Bail Bonds © 2006-2014 | Privacy Policy | Site Map